Aging is a multidimensional process in terms of physical, psychological and social change in every individual or an accrual of changes in person over time. There are dimensions in aging that expands and grows while there is also a decline. Date of birth is an essential event comprising the chronological measurement of age. Senescence is the biological term for the process of aging and characterized by decline in response to stress, high risk for disease and increase in the homeostatic imbalance.
Aging is accompanied by a decline in the cognitive processes with intelligence declining in various rates. Memory loss is the key concern in older adults as some may think of it as a sign of Alzheimer’s disease although the distinction is in occasional memory lapses which is a part of normal aging.
Memory lapses are basically frustrating and aggravating but it is mainly due to overwhelming amount of information being stored to the brain. Memory loss with aging however is being linked to factors contributing to its occurrence.
Factors contributing to memory loss in older people
Psychological stress is an unconstructive notion that has an impact on an individual’s well-being both in physical and mental.
Depression has a negative effect on an individual’s thoughts and overall well-being as a result of low levels of mood and aversion to activities. This may lead a person to lose concentration and remembering details. Depression in older people is usually brought by feeling of uselessness, social inactivity and major changes in life.
Adverse effect of medication is among the cause of memory loss especially to older people due to slow absorption and breakdown of medication. There are certain medicines that can adversely affect the memory and this may include:
- Sleeping pills
- Antidepressant and anti-anxiety drugs
- Therapeutic drugs for the treatment of arthritis and blood pressure maintenance
- High dosage of antibiotics
Excessive alcohol intake is the leading cause of toxic in brain that can affect people through memory loss while at high risk for dementia over time.
Severe dehydration leads to confusion, memory loss, drowsiness and other symptoms similar to dementia.
Deficiency in Vitamin B12 can affect the normal functioning of the brain. It is essential in protecting the brain neurons while keeping it from functioning normally and healthily.
Thyroid problem causes memory problem. Metabolism is controlled by thyroid gland that an imbalance may result to an individual’s sluggishness, confusion and depression.
Poor nutrition denies the brain of proper nutrition needed enough to keep it from functioning normally. Nutrition is essential in providing cells and organisms of necessary materials to keep an organ from functioning and supporting life.
Memory loss on the other hand can be prevented from occurring rapidly while there are ways and means in improving the memory.
Tips in improving memory
- Eating a healthy diet can improve the memory through proper nourishment. What one eats and drinks counts and reflects in the overall health condition
- Mentally stimulating activities keeps the brain in shape and can inhibit memory loss in relation to aging
- Ward off stress and depression by continuous social interaction especially after a major change in life
- Stay focus by avoiding multi tasking or remain in doing things one at a time
- Increase in blood flow helps in keeping the memory sharp that it is important to have a physical activity
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